Kentucky woodlands are, generally, able to naturally regenerate themselves following a timber harvest or other disturbance through root sprouting and the growth of tree seeds, seedlings, and saplings. However, you may be interested in adjusting the species composition by planting site appropriate species or converting an old field into a woodland through planting trees. The first step is to seriously consider what you plan to accomplish with the planting so that you can select the appropriate species. For example, you would not want to plant a yellow-poplar, Kentucky’s state tree, under a powerline or very close to your house as they will quickly outgrow their space. Also, if you are doing a large scale tree planting project try to plant a diversity of tree species that can all meet your goals. Not only should the tree match your goals but it should also match the site where it will be growing. Another important factor to consider is competition control around your newly planted trees—this is an important process to address so that your new trees will have the best chance at survival. Consult with your forester or county extension agent to get recommendations and a soil test to ensure the trees you select will not only meet your goals but are likely to be successful. Check out the links and publications on this page for more information about planting trees. The Kentucky Division of Forestry has low cost tree seedlings available and provides technical assistance on tree planting projects—check out this link for more information and this link for tips on the tree planting process.